Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are passed through sexual contact with another person. The term "STI" is becoming more common because many STIs do not have any symptoms; medically, a disease has one or more symptoms.
The most common STIs can be divided into two categories: bacterial and viral. Bacterial STIs are caused by bacteria and are often cured with antibiotics. Viral STIs are caused by viruses and cannot be cured. Their symptoms can be alleviated with treatments, though. Below are common STIs listed by category:
There are other types of STIs that are caused by other microorganisms, including trichomoniasis (protozoan) and public lice (other organisms).
The best way to prevent the spread of STIs is to abstain from sexual activity. For people who choose to be sexually active, they should use condoms and be in a monogamous relationship where both partners are free from infection.
Many people with an STI have no symptoms or such mild symptoms that they are unaware they are infected. However, they can still give the infection to a sex partner.
Click the links below to learn more about STIs, including information on prevention and treatment.
If you think you may be infected with an STI, you can come to University Health Service for testing. Testing for many STIs is included in the health fee. To speak to a Health and Wellness nurse about STI testing, please call 859-323-2778 (APPT). Click on the links below for more information on STI testing.
For more information about STIs and how to avoid them, check out the links below: