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A more detailed description of some of our specialties includes:

Brachytherapy - Brachytherapy allows doctors to place radioactive sources close to the tumor site.

  • High-Dose Rate (HDR) Brachytherapy HDR brachytherapy delivers high-dose rate radiation through temporarily placed radiation sources. The radiation is quickly and precisely delivered to a tumor. Patients receiving HDR brachytherapy can often be treated on an outpatient basis. We currently use HDR brachytherapy for many gynecological cancer treatments and occasionally for other types of cancer such as lung and head and neck. Patients with other local tumors can be considered for HDR therapy on an individual basis.
  • Low-Dose Rate (LDR) Brachytherapy LDR brachytherapy has been successfully used in the treatment of cervical and uterine cancers and other gynecological malignancies Whether a patient receives LDR or HDR, brachytherapy depends on the individual’s cancer location and situation.

Eye Plaques for Ocular Melanoma 

Plaque therapy delivers a highly concentrated radiation dose to the eye tumor with relatively less radiation to surrounding healthy tissues. The radiation sources used come in the form of small “rice-sized” radioactive seeds. These seeds are attached within a gold or steel bowl called a plaque. This allows preservation of the eye and useful vision in most cases.

Gamma Knife® Perfexion™ Radiosurgery 

As part of the UK Brain & Body Radiosurgery program, UK Radiation Medicine works in conjunction with the Kentucky Neuroscience Institute to treat patients in Kentucky’s only Gamma Knife® Radiosurgery Center. The Gamma Knife® Perfexion™ uses advanced three-dimensional planning based on high resolution CT or MRI scans to focus nearly 200 beams of cobalt-60 radiation onto a tumor or lesion. Gamma Knife® radiosurgery is an important option for patients with abnormal blood vessels of the brain (arteriovenous malformations), various types of brain tumors, and functional disorders such as trigeminal neuralgia. This treatment method is accurate to <1 millimeter, does not require surgery and typically is performed on an outpatient basis.

Image Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT) 

Image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) is the use of frequent imaging during radiation therapy to improve the precision and accuracy of the delivery of treatment. Necessary adjustments are made to the patient’s position and/or radiation beams in order to more precisely target radiation at the tumor and avoid healthy surrounding tissue. IGRT is used to treat tumors in areas of the body that are prone to movement, such as the lungs and prostate gland, as well tumors located close to critical organs and tissues

Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT)  

IMRT is a sophisticated form of three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy that focuses multiple radiation beams on a tumor. Radiation beams with varying or “modulated” intensities deliver the dose to the tumor and minimize radiation to nearby tissues and organs.

Interstitial Seed Implants 

Implanting radiation sources inside the body close to the cancer can protect normal tissues and produce excellent outcomes. A variety of tumors can be treated in this fashion. In particular, interstitial seed implants are used for many early stage prostate cancers. Using ultrasound guidance, dozens of tiny radioactive “seeds” measuring about two mm in length are carefully placed in the prostate to destroy the tumor while sparing the urethra, bladder and other nearby organs. This provides a treatment option that only requires a few visits for selected patients. UK also has significant experience in using permanent interstitial implants for locally recurrent gynecologic cancers after previous treatment.

Pediatric Radiation Therapy  

Comprehensive radiation oncology services are available for children with malignant diseases. Clinical services include external beam radiation, with photons and electrons as needed. Three-dimensional conformal therapy, IMRT, brachytherapy and stereotactic radiosurgery are also options, depending on the patient. Pediatric anesthesia services are available when needed. Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) precisely delivers high doses of radiation to a tumor, while avoiding the surrounding normal, healthy tissues.

Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS)  

Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is used to treat lung cancers in patients that are not good candidates for surgical resection. SRS precisely delivers very high dose radiation therapy in just a few fractions using special positioning of the patient along with radiologic techniques to accurately pinpoint tumors and reduce the radiation to healthy tissues.

Three-Dimensional and Computed Tomography Based Treatment Planning  

UK Radiation Medicine has a dedicated CT (computed tomography) scanner for imaging and three-dimensional radiation planning for patients requiring radiation treatment.

TomoTherapy® Hi-Art® Treatment System  

TomoTherapy® is one of the most advanced and versatile radiation therapy systems commercially available. The Hi-Art® treatment system uses its unique CT scanner design to deliver radiation continuously from all angles around the patient. More angles and more precise modulation result in dose distributions that conform to tumors like never before, minimizing damage to surrounding healthy tissue.

Total Body Irradiation (TBI)  

TBI is a critical component of the Blood and Marrow Transplantation program. The entire body is slowly exposed to radiation to facilitate the success of the transplant. Sensitive normal structures are protected with customized field blocking.

Total Skin Electron Beam Irradiation  

This technique delivers high doses of radiation to the entire skin surface without treatment of the underlying tissues and organs. This is particularly useful in treating cutaneous T-cell lymphoma and other rare lymphomas. UK Radiation Medicine has more than 15 years of experience providing this service.

Page last updated: 5/5/2014 9:41:53 AM