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Gastroparesis Fact Sheet

View Gastroparesis Fact Sheet  (PDF, 95 KB)

Gastroparesis treatment at UK HealthCare

The Digestive Health Program specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic diseases affecting the digestive system including gastroparesis.

What is gastroparesis?

Gastroparesis, also called delayed gastric emptying, affects roughly 100,000 Americans. People with gastroparesis have damaged stomach nerves, which cause undigested food to remain in the stomach for too long. The undigested food can lead to bacterial growth and harden into solid masses, called bezoars. Bezoars may cause nausea, vomiting and stomach obstruction. 

Symptoms

Gastroparesis is common among people with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, but it can also be caused by stomach surgery, medication or other conditions, such as anorexia and Parkinson's disease. Symptoms include:

  • Heartburn
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting of undigested food
  • An early feeling of fullness when eating
  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Erratic blood glucose levels
  • Lack of appetite
  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Spasms of the stomach wall

How is gastroparesis treated?

A series of tests, and sometimes an endoscopic procedure, will determine whether a patient is suffering from gastroparesis. Medication is the first treatment option. The UK Digestive Health Program's multidisciplinary specialists work with each patient to determine the proper medications.

Severe cases require a feeding tube insertion so nutrition can be delivered directly to the small intestine.

Gastroparesis is usually chronic; these treatments do not cure it, but rather manage the disorder to reduce nausea and vomiting and allow patients to lead normal lives.

More information

UK Digestive Health Program
Kentucky Clinic, 2nd Floor, Wing C
To make an appointment call 1-800-333-8874 or visit the Digestive Health Clinic.

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NDDIC)
http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov
1-800-891-5389

International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders
www.iffgd.org
1-888-964-2001 

Page last updated: 8/13/2014 3:10:15 PM