Nutrition and health experts originally designed the Dietary
Approaches to Stop Hypertension, or DASH diet, as a way to help lower
blood pressure. But recent studies have also found the DASH diet to be one of
the best options to prevent heart disease, stroke, diabetes and even some forms
of cancer. Research also shows the DASH plan is safe and effective for short-term
and permanent weight loss.
The DASH diet was recently ranked the No. 1 overall diet by
U.S. News & World Report for the fourth year in a row. The authors of the
U.S. News report found that the DASH diet is easy to follow because it does not
restrict entire food groups. And because the plan focuses on fresh fruits and
vegetables, controlling calories is easier than with other diet plans.
What is the DASH diet?
The DASH plan is promoted by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute,
part of the National Institutes of Health. The plan helps reduce the risk for
serious health problems because it is low in:
- Saturated fat
- Total fat
- Red meat
- Sugary beverages
The DASH diet encourages:
- Fat-free or low-fat milk
and dairy products
- Whole-grain foods
The DASH plan is also rich in important nutrients such as:
Tips for following the DASH diet
To reduce the amount of sodium in your diet, try these steps:
- Choose fresh, frozen or
canned vegetables that have low sodium or no added salt.
- Use fresh poultry, fish
or meat instead of canned, smoked or processed.
- Limit cured foods such
as bacon and ham, foods packed in brine, and condiments.
- Cook rice or pasta
- Cut back on frozen
dinners, packaged mixes, and canned soups or broths.
- Rinse canned foods such
as tuna and canned beans to remove some of the salt.
- Use spices instead of
salt to flavor foods.
- Add fruit to breakfast
or have it as a snack.
- Treat meat as one part
of the whole meal, instead of the main focus.
Some days you might eat more sodium or fewer foods from one
group than the plan suggests. But don’t worry. Try your best to keep the
average on most days close to the DASH plan levels.
Following the DASH diet
Below is a chart showing how much of each food group you should eat every day,
based on eating 2,000 calories per day.
|6-8 servings of whole grains||1 slice bread, 1 oz dry cereal, 1/2 cup cooked rice or pasta|
|4-5 servings of vegetables||1 cup raw, leafy vegetable; 1/2 cup cut-up raw or cooked vegetable|
|4-5 servings of fruits||1 medium fruit; 1/4 cup dried fruit; 1/2 cup fresh, frozen or canned fruit; 1/2 cup real fruit juice|
|2-3 servings of fat-free or low-fat dairy||1 cup milk or yogurt, 1.5 oz. cheese|
|Up to 6 servings of lean meat, poultry, fish||1 oz. cooked meat, poultry or fish; 1 egg|
|4-5 servings per week of nuts, seeds, legumes||1/3 cup or 1.5 oz. nuts, 2 tablespoons peanut butter, 2 tablespoons or 1/2 oz. seeds, 1/2 cup cooked dry beans or peas|
|2-3 servings of fats and oils||1 teaspoon soft margarine, 1 teaspoon vegetable oil, 1 tablespoon mayonnaise, 2 tablespoons salad dressing|
|Up to 5 servings per week of sweets||1 tablespoon sugar, 1 tablespoon jelly or jam, 1/2 cup sorbet or gelatin, 1 cup lemonade|